Madhya Pradesh: Tigress dies after getting trapped in snare

• In the buffer zone of Kanha tiger reserve in Madhya Pradesh, a tigress was found dead.

About Kanha National Park:

• Kanha National Park is nestled in the Maikal range of Satpuras in Madhya Pradesh, the heart of India that forms the central Indian highlands.

• Kanha National Park was declared a reserve forest in 1879 and revalued as a wildlife sanctuary in 1933. Its position was further upgraded to a national park in 1955.

• The Kanha National Park is spread across the area of 940 sq km in the Maikal chain of hills. By bringing up the buffer and core zone all together, the Kanha Tiger Reserve has the total area of 1945 sq km.

• This vivacious land has been the source of inspiration for Rudyard Kipling, a famous writer for his outstanding creation- “The Jungle Book”.

• Wildlife: A location which is filled with large varieties of fauna out of which the jungle is best known for Barasingha, the swamp deer and is famously called ‘the jewel of Kanha’. The tiger tour is perfectly a great option for the nature lovers in Kanha.

• Tribes: The Kanha National Park was originally a part of the Gondwanas or the “land of the Gonds”. The forest of the Kanha Tiger Reserve was inhibited by two indigenous tribes of Central India, the Gonds and the Baigas. The vicinity of the reserve is still occupied with the villagers of these tribes.

Barasingha- The Jewel of India:

• Traditionally known as Dolhorina which is similar to the English name (Swamp Deer), Barasingha is the most abundant species found in Kanha Reserve.

• This species is being recognized as the sub- Himalayan terai of North India, the hard ground Barasingha is an exclusive graminivorous deer species that totally depends on grasses and grasslands and shows a preference for aquatic plants. It is the most peaceful species in Kanha that easily interacts with Chital.

• They are often found to wade into water, frequently dipping its stifle to feed on water plants.

• Threats: Hunting, poaching and diversion of the long grassland to agriculture in Central India has been the main causes of their depletion in counts and thus the reserve officials have taken some necessary steps so as to conserve their population.

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Mains Paper 3: Environment

Prelims level: Kanha National Park

Mains level: Conservation

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