Maharashtra-Karnataka border dispute

• The dispute is over 7,000 sq km area along Maharashtra’s border with Karnataka, in districts of Belagavi, Uttara Kannada, Bidar, and Gulbarga etc.

• All these areas are predominantly Marathi-speaking, and Maharashtra wants them to be merged with the state.

About:

• Karnataka holds the view that settlement of boundaries is final and boundary was neither tentative nor flexible.

• The dispute goes back to 1956, when State Reorganisation Commission included these areas to Karnataka citing more than 50% population as Kannada-speaking. However, Maharashtra claims that in 1956, Marathi-speakers outnumbered Kannada-speakers in those areas.

• Mahajan Commission in 1967 recommended transfer of 264 villages to Maharashtra. Maharashtra rejected the report and it was not implemented.

Mechanisms to resolve disputes between states:

• Article 3 empowers Parliament to form a new state and alter the areas, boundaries or names of existing States.

• Article 131 confers upon Supreme Court exclusive jurisdiction to deal with centre-state/inter-state disputes.

• In 2004, Maharashtra government moved the SC under this over this dispute.

• Article 263 entrusts the President to create an inter-state council, which may tender advice regarding resolution of inter-State disputes.

———————————————

Mains Paper 2: Polity

Prelims level: Belagavi

Mains level: Mechanisms to resolve disputes between states

Subscribe to Get Weekly updates

Get daily current affair video, detailed current affairs PPT for quick revision and Free One Liner PDF directly in your inbox. Subscribe now to get this month's one liner for FREE.