National infant mortality rate

• The Registrar General of India released its Sample Registration System (SRS) bulletin based on data collected for 2018.

Key findings are:

Birth rate:

• The national birth rate in 2018 stood at 20 per one thousand of the population.

• Bihar has the highest birth rate at 26.2 and Andaman and Nicobar Islands are at the bottom with a birth rate of 11.2.

• At an all-India level, the birth rate is higher in rural areas (21.6) compared to urban areas (16.7).

Death Rate:

• The national death rate in 2018 stood at 6.2 per one thousand of the population.

• Chhattisgarh has the highest death rate at 8 and Delhi has a rate of 3.3, indicating better healthcare facilities.

• At an all-India level, the death rate is higher in rural areas (6.7) compared to urban areas (5.1).

Infant mortality rate (IMR):

• The national IMR in 2018 stood at 32 per one thousand of the population. The IMR at an all-India level has declined from 50 to 32 in the last decade.

• Madhya Pradesh has an IMR of 48 and Nagaland 4.

Sample Registration System (SRS):

• The Sample Registration System (SRS) is a demographic survey for providing reliable annual estimates of infant mortality rate, birth rate, death rate, and other fertility and mortality indicators at the national and sub-national levels.

• Initiated on a pilot basis by the Registrar General of India in a few states in 1964-65, it became fully operational during 1969-70.

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Mains Paper 2: National

Prelims level: National infant mortality rate

Mains level: Social issue

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