National Monsoon Mission

• National Monsoon Mission (NMM) under the Ministry of Earth Science was launched in 2012 to develop a state-of-the-art dynamical prediction system for monsoon rainfall.

• Prediction models include models for short to medium range (1-10 days), extended-range (10 days to 30 days) and seasonal.

Other targets of NMM are:

• Developing partnership between Indian and foreign institutes to develop a system for prediction of extremes.

• Develop a system for climate applications having social impacts (such as agriculture, flood forecast etc.)

• NMM augmentation with High-performance Computing facilities has helped in achieving a paradigm shift in weather and climate modeling for operational weather forecasts.

• Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune is responsible for execution and coordination of mission.

Major achievements of NMM during the last three years (phase 2) are:

• Monsoon Mission dynamical model to prepare operational seasonal forecast of monsoon rainfall.

• Improvement in cyclone tracking and intensity prediction.

• Commissioning of a Global Ensemble Forecast System for short and medium range prediction.

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Mains Paper 3: Environment

Prelims level: National Monsoon Mission

Mains level: Objectives of the National Monsoon Mission

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