National Monsoon Mission

• Minister of Earth Science informed Rajya Sabha about National Monsoon Mission.

About:

• Under the Monsoon Mission, Ministry has developed the state-of-the-art weather and climate prediction models, which are now in operational use.

• These models include models for short-range to medium range (1-10 days), extended range (10days to 30 days) and seasonal (up to one season).

Following are the targets of Monsoon Mission:

• Development of a seamless prediction system using monsoon mission model, on different time scales, like Seasonal (for whole Monsoon season), Extended range (up-to 4 weeks), Short range prediction (up-to 5days).

• Initiate and coordinate working partnerships between Indian and foreign institutes to develop a system for prediction of extremes and climate applications.

• Develop and implement system for climate applications having social impacts (such as agriculture, flood forecast, extreme events forecast, wind energy, etc.).

• Advanced data assimilation system for preparing high quality data for model predictions.

Major achievements of NMM during the last three years are:

• Setting up of an advanced prediction system for Seasonal prediction; Extended range prediction and Very high-resolution Short-rangeprediction.

• Commissioning of a Global Ensemble Forecast System (GEFS) for short and medium-range prediction at 12km.

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Mains Paper 3: Environment

Prelims level: National Monsoon Mission

Mains level: Following are the targets of Monsoon Mission

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