• A recent medical technique, known as Less invasive surfactant administration (LISA), has been started at J.K. Lon Government Children’s Hospital in Jaipur for treatment of lung disease or respiratory distress syndrome among premature babies.
• LISA has been developed as a lung-protective strategy for respiratory management and ventilation in view of mechanical ventilation causing damage to the preterm lungs of newborns.
• Infants considered suitable for LISA are those being managed with primary continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or high flow with the evidence of increasing respiratory distress and with a rising oxygen requirement.
• The procedure, started initially for newborn children with the birth weight of fewer than 1,500 grams, has yielded encouraging results.
• The regular application of LISA would turn out to be very useful and help save the lives of premature babies.
Mains Paper 3: Science and Tech
Prelims level: Less invasive surfactant administration