• Disability caused by non-communicable diseases (NCD) and injuries have emerged as the largest contributor to the global disease burden, according to a new report by The Lancet released October 16, 2020.
• The findings of The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2019 again emphasises the fast emergence of NCDs as a global health challenge. This, even as countries seem to be performing well in controlling communicable diseases.
Highlights of report:
• Disability caused by NCD and injuries have emerged as the largest contributor to global disease burden.
• Deaths due to infectious diseases have fallen substantially.
India related findings:
• Air pollution, hypertension, tobacco use, poor diet and high blood sugar levels were the top-five risk factors for death in India in 2019.
• NCDs are medical conditions or diseases that are not caused by infectious agents.
• These are chronic diseases of long duration, and are the result of a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behaviours factors. These cause 71% of global deaths worldwide each year.
• Physical inactivity, unhealthy diets, tobacco use and the harmful use of alcohol are major risk factors.
• Major NCDs are cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes.
Steps taken by India:
• National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular disease and Stroke.
• India is the first country to adopt the National Action Plan with specific national targets and indicators aimed at reducing the number of global premature deaths from NCDs by 25% by 2025.
Mains Paper 2: Health
Prelims level: Non-communicable diseases
Mains level: Highlights of report relating to Non-communicable diseases