Non-communicable diseases bigger burden than early deaths

• Disability caused by non-communicable diseases (NCD) and injuries have emerged as the largest contributor to the global disease burden, according to a new report by The Lancet released October 16, 2020.

• The findings of The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2019 again emphasises the fast emergence of NCDs as a global health challenge. This, even as countries seem to be performing well in controlling communicable diseases.

Highlights of report:

• Disability caused by NCD and injuries have emerged as the largest contributor to global disease burden.

• Deaths due to infectious diseases have fallen substantially.

India related findings:

• Air pollution, hypertension, tobacco use, poor diet and high blood sugar levels were the top-five risk factors for death in India in 2019.

About NCD:

• NCDs are medical conditions or diseases that are not caused by infectious agents.

• These are chronic diseases of long duration, and are the result of a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behaviours factors. These cause 71% of global deaths worldwide each year.

• Physical inactivity, unhealthy diets, tobacco use and the harmful use of alcohol are major risk factors.

• Major NCDs are cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes.

Steps taken by India:

• National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular disease and Stroke.

• India is the first country to adopt the National Action Plan with specific national targets and indicators aimed at reducing the number of global premature deaths from NCDs by 25% by 2025.

———————————————
Mains Paper 2: Health

Prelims level: Non-communicable diseases

Mains level: Highlights of report relating to Non-communicable diseases

Subscribe to Get Weekly updates

Get daily current affair video, detailed current affairs PPT for quick revision and Free One Liner PDF directly in your inbox. Subscribe now to get this month's one liner for FREE.