SAANS Campaign

• The Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare provided details about the SAANS campaign recently.

What is Pneumonia?

• Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs.

• The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus, causing cough with phlegm or pus, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing.

• A variety of organisms, including bacteria, viruses and fungi, can cause pneumonia.

• Pneumonia can range in seriousness from mild to life-threatening.

• It is most serious for infants and young children, people older than age 65, and people with health problems or weakened immune systems.

• The germs that cause pneumonia are contagious. Both viral and bacterial pneumonia can spread to others through inhalation of airborne droplets from a sneeze or cough. One can contract fungal pneumonia from the environment. However, it doesn’t spread from person to person.

• Vaccines are available to prevent some types of pneumonia and the flu.

Background:

• As per Sample Registration System Report (2010-13) of Registrar General of India, Pneumonia contributes 16.9% of infant deaths and it is the 2nd highest cause of infant mortality.

• As per Health Management Information System (HMIS) data, under-five mortality rate in the country is 37 per 1000 live births, of which 5.3 deaths are caused due to pneumonia.

• The government aims to achieve a target of reducing pneumonia deaths among children to less than three per 1,000 live births by 2025.

SAANS Campaign:

• SAANS stands for “Social Awareness and Actions to Neutralize Pneumonia Successfully”. It is an initiative launched in 2019 in order to accelerate actions for reducing deaths due to childhood Pneumonia.

• The aim is to mobilise people to protect children from pneumonia, and train health personnel and other stakeholders to provide prioritised treatment to control the disease.

• The SAANS initiative encompasses three pronged strategies

• Guidelines on treatment and management of childhood Pneumonia including introduction of use of Amoxicillin by Auxiliary nurse midwife(ANM).

• Capacity building of service providers for identification and standardized management of Pneumonia.

• Communication campaign to ensure greater awareness of childhood Pneumonia among families and parents.

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Mains Paper 2: Governance

Prelims level: SAANS Campaign

Mains level: Government policies and interventions for development

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