Sabz Burj

• Restoration works of Sabz Burj is almost complete.

Significance of the monument:

• The tomb, which was built in 1530, does not have any markings pointing to the identity of those buried under it.

• It is thought to be the earliest surviving painted ceiling for any monument in India.

• This is one of the earliest, if not the earliest, Mughal buildings in India.

• It is presumed to have been built shortly after 1526, when the Mughal armies under Babur defeated the Lodi Afghan dynasty and founded the Mughal empire in India. Sabz Burj is also one of the earliest buildings in India with a double dome.

• Its unique architecture is representative of the Timurid style.

• The monument stands at the entrance to Humayun’s Tomb and would have originally stood within an enclosed garden.

Humayun’s tomb:

• This tomb, built-in 1570, is of particular cultural significance as it was the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent.

• It inspired several major architectural innovations, culminating in the construction of the Taj Mahal.
• Humayun’s Tomb was built with the patronage of Emperor Akbar.

• Humayun’s garden-tomb is an example of the charbagh (a four-quadrant garden with the four rivers of Quranic paradise represented), with pools joined by channels.

• Humayun’s garden-tomb is also called the ‘dormitory of the Mughals’ as in the cells are buried over 150 Mughal family members.

• The tomb stands in an extremely significant archaeological setting, centred at the Shrine of the 14th century Sufi Saint, Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya.

• It was designated as a World Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 1993.

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Mains Paper 1: History

Prelims level: Sabz Burj

Mains level: Significance of the monument

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