Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge

• Under the challenge, all states/UTs pledged to make sewer-cleaning mechanised by April 2021, promote citizen awareness and prevent Flazardous Cleaning of Sewers and Septic Tanks.


• 243 cities will be awarded under three sub-categories based on population: up to 3 lakh, 3-10 lakh and over 10 lakh.

• Manual Scavenging is defined as removal of human excrement from public streets and dry latrines, cleaning septic tanks, gutters and sewers.

• Official records show that manual scavenging has led to 376 deaths over past five years.

• Sanitation being a State subject, people for cleaning of sewers and septic tanks are employed by local bodies.

Government interventions:

• Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act, 1993, banned employment of people as manual scavengers.

• Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 that bans manual scavenging in all forms, provides for their survey and rehabilitation within a time bound manner.

• Establishment of National Commission for Safai Karamcharis to look into matters concerning the Safai Karamcharis welfare.


Mains Paper 2: Governance

Prelims level: Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge

Mains level: Read the newsfeed

Subscribe to Get Weekly updates

Get daily current affair video, detailed current affairs PPT for quick revision and Free One Liner PDF directly in your inbox. Subscribe now to get this month's one liner for FREE.