AspirantWorld One liners : 13th April

• NITI Aayog will publish an online dispute resolution manual. This is an invitation to business leaders to adopt online dispute resolution solutions. The manual emphasizes the need for companies to adopt online dispute resolution mechanisms. According to the manual, online dispute resolution (ODR) is the resolution of disputes outside the court. This is mainly used to solve small and medium-sized cases using digital technology.

• The Union Education Minister launched NanoSniffer. It is the world’s first explosion trace detector (ETD) based on microsensors. It was developed by NanoSniff Technologies, an IIT startup in Mumbai, and Vehant Technologies was derived from Kritikal Solutions, a startup incubated by IIT in Delhi. This self-developed explosive trace detector device – NanoSniffer can detect explosives in less than 10 seconds.

• The Post Matric scholarship program for scheduled castes has been revised. The funding method of the plan has been changed from the committed liability formula to a fixed sharing ratio between the center and the states of 60:40 (90:10 in the Northeastern State) This significantly increases the cost of the program. Other changes include many improvements to the process to avoid delays in the payment of scholarships using the DBT system.

• The Prime Minister of India and the Prime Minister of the Netherlands held a virtual summit on 9th April, 2021. This is the first high-level summit attended by Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte after the general election in March 2021. During the summit, the leaders of the two countries exchanged views on further expanding the relationship between trade and economy, water management, agriculture, smart cities, science and technology, healthcare and space.

• A new study published in the journal Biological Conservation shows that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to increase, many plants and animals may face extinction. Due to climate change, all endemic species on the island are at high risk of extinction.

• The Union Education Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank recently presented the 2020 AICTE Lilavati Award in New Delhi. These awards are based on the theme of Women Empowerment. The winners were selected by AICTE (All India Council for Technical Education) in six sub-themes.

• The Supreme Court said that people were free to choose their religion and were strongly criticized in the petition, claiming that large-scale religious conversions have taken place across the country. Highlights:

• April 13, 2021 becomes the 102nd Anniversary to remember the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, called the massacre a ‘shameful scar’ on British Indian history. History: April 13, 1919 was a turning point in India’s struggle for freedom.

• In the recent aquatic survey of Lake Chilika, the population of dolphins has surged. The Irrawaddy dolphin is the iconic species of Chilika, and its population has increased from 146 to 162 this year. The populations of other dolphin species, namely humpback dolphin (IUCN status: endangered) and bottlenose dolphin

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