Symposium on Sustainable Development of Dams and River Basins inaugurated

• It is being organised by International Commission on Large Dams in collaboration with Central Water Commission (CWC), Dam Rehabilitation Improvement Project (DRIP) and National Hydrology Project (NHP).

• It aims to share ideas and latest developments in construction technologies, best engineering
practices, dam safety issues etc.

Issues with dams in India:

• India is ranked 3rd in the world in terms of building large dams. Many dams have reached 50 years of age and some are older than 120 years.

• As dams age, soil replaces the water in reservoirs reducing their storage capacity.

• Studies show that design of many of reservoirs is flawed (both large and minor dams).

Steps initiated so far:

• DRIP: To improve safety and operational performance of large dams and institutional strengthening launched in 2012 by Ministry of Jal Shakti (CWC) with World Bank assistance.

• Dam Safety Bill 2019: It aims to put regulatory mechanism in place, to provide for proper surveillance, inspection, operation and maintenance of all dams in India.

• NHP: To improve extent, quality and accessibility of water resources information and to strengthen the capacity of targeted water resources management institutions in India.

• Dam Health and Rehabilitation Monitoring Application (DHARMA).

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Mains Paper 3: Economy

Prelims level: Dam Rehabilitation Improvement Project

Mains level: Steps initiated regarding sustainable Development of Dams and River Basins

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