The Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill, 2020

• ART Bill was approved by Cabinet in February, 2020 with an aim to monitor medical procedures used to assist people to achieve pregnancy. Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART).

• It is intended to regulate ART clinics and banks, prevention of misuse, safe and ethical practice of ART services.

• The bill can protect the affected women and children from exploitation as India has one of the highest growths in ART centres.

Key provisions of the bill:

• A national Board to Lay down a code of conduct to be observed by those operating clinics. Set the minimum standards of physical infrastructure, laboratory and diagnostic equipment and expert manpower.

• A national registry and registration authority to maintain a database to assist the national Board.

• States and UTs shall constitute State Boards and State Authorities to follow policies and plans laid by National Board.

• To ensure confidentiality of intending couples and protect the rights of the child.

Assisted Reproductive Technology:

• Around 10-15% of married couples in India face infertility.

• ART help couples unable to conceive naturally, with the aid of state-of-the-art technology, to achieve pregnancy.


• There are two main types of ART: (i) Artificial Insemination; (ii) In vitro fertilization (IVF)

Who is it for?

ART might be an option for women who:

• Cannot conceive naturally;

• Cannot carry pregnancy to term;

• Have genetic disorders;

• Have partners with abnormal sperm.


Mains Paper 3: Science and Tech

Prelims level: Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill

Mains level: Key provision of the bill

Subscribe to Get Weekly updates

Get daily current affair video, detailed current affairs PPT for quick revision and Free One Liner PDF directly in your inbox. Subscribe now to get this month's one liner for FREE.