The Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill, 2020

• ART Bill was approved by Cabinet in February, 2020 with an aim to monitor medical procedures used to assist people to achieve pregnancy. Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART).

• It is intended to regulate ART clinics and banks, prevention of misuse, safe and ethical practice of ART services.

• The bill can protect the affected women and children from exploitation as India has one of the highest growths in ART centres.

Key provisions of the bill:

• A national Board to Lay down a code of conduct to be observed by those operating clinics. Set the minimum standards of physical infrastructure, laboratory and diagnostic equipment and expert manpower.

• A national registry and registration authority to maintain a database to assist the national Board.

• States and UTs shall constitute State Boards and State Authorities to follow policies and plans laid by National Board.

• To ensure confidentiality of intending couples and protect the rights of the child.

Assisted Reproductive Technology:

• Around 10-15% of married couples in India face infertility.

• ART help couples unable to conceive naturally, with the aid of state-of-the-art technology, to achieve pregnancy.

Types:

• There are two main types of ART: (i) Artificial Insemination; (ii) In vitro fertilization (IVF)

Who is it for?

ART might be an option for women who:

• Cannot conceive naturally;

• Cannot carry pregnancy to term;

• Have genetic disorders;

• Have partners with abnormal sperm.

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Mains Paper 3: Science and Tech

Prelims level: Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill

Mains level: Key provision of the bill

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