• ART Bill was approved by Cabinet in February, 2020 with an aim to monitor medical procedures used to assist people to achieve pregnancy. Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART).
• It is intended to regulate ART clinics and banks, prevention of misuse, safe and ethical practice of ART services.
• The bill can protect the affected women and children from exploitation as India has one of the highest growths in ART centres.
Key provisions of the bill:
• A national Board to Lay down a code of conduct to be observed by those operating clinics. Set the minimum standards of physical infrastructure, laboratory and diagnostic equipment and expert manpower.
• A national registry and registration authority to maintain a database to assist the national Board.
• States and UTs shall constitute State Boards and State Authorities to follow policies and plans laid by National Board.
• To ensure confidentiality of intending couples and protect the rights of the child.
Assisted Reproductive Technology:
• Around 10-15% of married couples in India face infertility.
• ART help couples unable to conceive naturally, with the aid of state-of-the-art technology, to achieve pregnancy.
• There are two main types of ART: (i) Artificial Insemination; (ii) In vitro fertilization (IVF)
Who is it for?
ART might be an option for women who:
• Cannot conceive naturally;
• Cannot carry pregnancy to term;
• Have genetic disorders;
• Have partners with abnormal sperm.
Mains Paper 3: Science and Tech
Prelims level: Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill
Mains level: Key provision of the bill