• Nearly 1,000 km from where he once ruled, Mysore King Tipu Sultan is at the centre of controversy in the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation over attempts to name a garden after him in Govandi, a suburb in Eastern Mumbai.
• Tipu Sultan (1750 –1799) was the ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore based in South India and a pioneer of rocket artillery.
• He introduced a number of administrative innovations during his rule, including a new coinage system and calendar, and a new land revenue system which initiated the growth of the Mysore silk industry.
• He expanded the iron-cased Mysorean rockets and commissioned the military manual Fathul Mujahidin.
• Tipu’s father, Hyder Ali, rose to power and Tipu succeeded him as the ruler of Mysore upon his father’s death in 1782.
• He won important victories against the British in the Second Anglo-Mysore War and negotiated the 1784 Treaty of Mangalore with them.
• Tipu’s conflicts with his neighbours included the Maratha–Mysore War which ended with the signing of the Treaty of Gajendragad.
• In the Third Anglo-Mysore War, he was forced into the Treaty of Seringapatam, losing a number of previously conquered territories.
• In the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War, a combined force of British East India Company troops supported by the Marathas & the Nizam of Hyderabad defeated Tipu. He was killed on 4 May 1799 while defending his stronghold of Seringapatam.
Mains Paper 1: History
Prelims level: Tipu Sultan
Mains level: Read the newsfeed