Tipu Sultan

• Nearly 1,000 km from where he once ruled, Mysore King Tipu Sultan is at the centre of controversy in the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation over attempts to name a garden after him in Govandi, a suburb in Eastern Mumbai.


• Tipu Sultan (1750 –1799) was the ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore based in South India and a pioneer of rocket artillery.

• He introduced a number of administrative innovations during his rule, including a new coinage system and calendar, and a new land revenue system which initiated the growth of the Mysore silk industry.

• He expanded the iron-cased Mysorean rockets and commissioned the military manual Fathul Mujahidin.

• Tipu’s father, Hyder Ali, rose to power and Tipu succeeded him as the ruler of Mysore upon his father’s death in 1782.

• He won important victories against the British in the Second Anglo-Mysore War and negotiated the 1784 Treaty of Mangalore with them.

• Tipu’s conflicts with his neighbours included the Maratha–Mysore War which ended with the signing of the Treaty of Gajendragad.

• In the Third Anglo-Mysore War, he was forced into the Treaty of Seringapatam, losing a number of previously conquered territories.

• In the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War, a combined force of British East India Company troops supported by the Marathas & the Nizam of Hyderabad defeated Tipu. He was killed on 4 May 1799 while defending his stronghold of Seringapatam.


Mains Paper 1: History

Prelims level: Tipu Sultan

Mains level: Read the newsfeed

Subscribe to Get Weekly updates

Get daily current affair video, detailed current affairs PPT for quick revision and Free One Liner PDF directly in your inbox. Subscribe now to get this month's one liner for FREE.